Visit Website Stalin grew up poor and an only child. His father was a shoemaker and alcoholic who beat his son, and his mother was a laundress.
Visit Website Stalin grew up poor and an only child. His father was a shoemaker and alcoholic who beat his son, and his mother was a laundress. As a boy, Stalin contracted smallpox, which left him with lifelong facial scars. As a teen, he earned a scholarship to attend a seminary in the nearby city of Tblisi and study for the priesthood in the Georgian Orthodox Church.
InStalin was expelled from the seminary for missing exams, although he claimed it was for Marxist propaganda. Visit Website After leaving school, Stalin became an underground political agitator, taking part in labor demonstrations and strikes.
He adopted the name Koba, after a fictional Georgian outlaw-hero, and joined the more militant wing of the Marxist Social Democratic movement, the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin. Stalin also became involved in various criminal activities, including bank heists, the proceeds from which were used to help fund the Bolshevik Party.
He was arrested multiple times between andand subjected to imprisonment and exile in Siberia. Ekaterina perished from typhus when her son was an infant.
They had two children, a boy and a girl. Nadezhda committed suicide in her early 30s. Stalin also fathered several children out of wedlock. Three years later, in Novemberthe Bolsheviks seized power in Russia. The Soviet Union was founded inwith Lenin as its first leader.
During these years, Stalin had continued to move up the party ladder, and in he became secretary general of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, a role that enabled him to appoint his allies to government jobs and grow a base of political support.
After Lenin died inStalin eventually outmaneuvered his rivals and won the power struggle for control of the Communist Party. By the late s, he had become dictator of the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union Under Joseph Stalin Starting in the late s, Joseph Stalin launched a series of five-year plans intended to transform the Soviet Union from a peasant society into an industrial superpower.
His development plan was centered on government control of the economy and included the forced collectivization of Soviet agriculture, in which the government took control of farms. The forced collectivization also led to widespread famine across the Soviet Union that killed millions.
Stalin ruled by terror and with a totalitarian grip in order to eliminate anyone who might oppose him. He expanded the powers of the secret police, encouraged citizens to spy on one another and had millions of people killed or sent to the Gulag system of forced labor camps.
During the second half of the s, Stalin instituted the Great Purge, a series of campaigns designed to rid the Communist Party, the military and other parts of Soviet society from those he considered a threat.
Additionally, Stalin built a cult of personality around himself in the Soviet Union. Cities were renamed in his honor. Soviet history books were rewritten to give him a more prominent role in the revolution and mythologize other aspects of his life.
He was the subject of flattering artwork, literature and music, and his name became part of the Soviet national anthem. His government also controlled the Soviet media.
Stalin then proceeded to annex parts of Poland and Romania, as well as the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
He also launched an invasion of Finland.The end of the First World War brought the world a new way of thinking with regards to how we live our lives.
To understand the architectural endeavours that were endorsed by the Soviet revolution, it is imperative to comprehend the framework under which the developments and changes occurred.
This is pretty much the only legitimate criticism you can make about Stalin as the leader of the USSR. I read that he made some mistakes under Lenin, but he made up for it by being simply one of the greatest leaders humanity ever saw.
Nov 12, · Watch video · Joseph Stalin () was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from to Under Stalin, the Soviet Union was transformed from a peasant society into an. Here is a quick look at the candidates. VLADIMIR PUTIN. The year-old Russian leader served two four-year presidential terms in before shifting into the prime minister's seat due to.
Lenin accused Stalin of "Great Russian chauvinism"; Stalin accused Lenin of "national liberalism".
A compromise was reached, in which the country would be renamed the "Union of Soviet Socialist Republics" (USSR). No, not most of the Russians. To my regret, not yet. As much more is available now through Internet, it becomes obvious that most of the anti-Stalin criticism was not true.
Others mention Khrushchev and , but in fact that was a pitiful speech.