As we move towards the general election, addressing city concerns is going to be a key, perhaps even decisive, election debate. This post draws on map visualisations from the LuminoCity3D.
Arduino 8 An Arduino is a piece of electronic hardware—a single-board microcontroller used to create basic hardware-to-software communication through circuitry control. Developed by a team of inventors led by Massimo Banzi, Arduinos are widely used in computer programming.
As an easy-to-use module, the device can be employed to test basic programming functionality or even operate a small robot. The Arduino is particularly practical for rapid prototyping. Its design is distributed under the Creative Commons license and low-cost kits are available through a number of organizations.
Behavior Change 9 Behavioral change is an ongoing process of replacing the ways we respond to our environment with newly acquired patterns of action. Behavior standards respond to social norms and needs; in an urban context, certain targeted behavior-al shifts can lead to important changes in urban interaction and design.
The key to large-scale urban improvement lies in the majority of the population adopting and maintaining more behaviors that produce small but incremental change for the common good.
These could include more responsible consumption and waste practices and greater conviviality and sharing. Through his programs, which explored the power of technology in cities, Lab Team member Carlo Ratti argued that sensing and actuating is a powerful transformative process that can lead to behavior change—the first step in large-scale transformation.
Bike Sharing 10 Bicycle-sharing programs provide bikes for rent or temporary use in urban environments. Today, there are bike-sharing programs in cities around the world.
Bike-sharing systems typically involve customized bike design, docking stations, and an affordable membership fee to avoid theft and promote financial sustainability.
Bike sharing provides free or low-cost transportation with no emissions. The system was first employed in Amsterdam in when a fleet of bikes was painted white and distributed throughout the city. Other cities with bike-sharing programs include Berlin with two programs, started in and ParisBarcelonaand Londonamong others.
New York City will be launching one in the spring of In major cities around the world, the programs are typically sponsored by major corporations.
Cycling Fast Facts featured a group of biking experts to showcase a crosssection of the Berlin cycling community to discuss the challenges and opportunities of biking in cities. The Copenhagenize Index was developed in by Copenhagen Consulting as an index for measuring support of urban cycling in cities worldwide.
The index measures eighty major cities around the world based on specific criteria including bicycle infrastructure, bike-sharing programs, perception of safety, and politics.
When these needs are met, cities experience an increase in cyclists, which has a positive effect on city livability and infrastructure.A Glossary of Ideas. Accessibility Design 2. Accessibility design is urban design that takes into account the full spectrum of other-abled (including elderly, disabled, and handicapped) individuals by creating a user-friendly urban and domestic environment.
Urban areas (cities, towns and conurbations) can be seen as systems in which relatively slow-changing urban forms provide the setting for more rapidly changing ‘flows’ of capital, people, pollutants, cultures and technologies (Wong et al., ; Castells, ).
to form quickly, they can reveal the operation of urban social processes that are more difﬁ- cult to observe in longer-established, more permanent cities.
Neighborhood organization is a widespread, perhaps universal, feature of urban life. No city in the world is so misunderstood by analysts and the press.
It is commonly asserted Chongqing is the largest city in the world. In reality it barely makes the top 50, ranking 47th. It is fundamentally a problem of semantics and a failure to comprehend the nuances of urban geography in China.
2 The Structure and Form of Urban Settlements 15 deemed by the Chicago School to be a manifestation of general biotic and cultural forces (which lead to the term “urban ecology”), constrained by . The first form of urban space, that was hegemonic until the seventeenth century A.D.
was “that of a classic container: an imposing mass of monumental buildings, usually protected by a wall and surrounded by closely built residential quarters, workshops.