An introduction to the history of islam

NADEO has given permission for this edited version to appear here. Islam is the second largest of the religious traditions in the world. It has over one billion adherents.

An introduction to the history of islam

He continued to preach until his death in A series of leaders, known as caliphs, became successors to Muhammad. This system of leadership, which was run by a Muslim ruler, became known as a caliphate.

Abu Bakr died about two years after he was elected and was succeeded in by Caliph Umar, another father-in-law of Muhammad.

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Islam also spread throughout areas in Europe, Africa, and Asia. The caliphate system lasted for centuries and eventually evolved into the Ottoman Empirewhich controlled large regions in the Middle East from about untilwhen World War I ended the Ottoman reign.

Sunnis and Shiites When Muhammad died, there was debate over who should replace him as leader. This led to a schism in Islam, and two major sects emerged: Sunnis make up nearly 90 percent of Muslims worldwide. They accept that the first four caliphs were the true successors to Muhammad.

Shiite Muslims believe that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are the real successors to Muhammad. They deny the legitimacy of the first three caliphs. Some of these include: This Sunni sect, made up of members of the Tameem tribe in Saudi Arabia, was founded in the 18th century.

Followers observe an extremely strict interpretation of Islam that was taught by Muhammad bin Abd al-Wahhab. This Shiite form of Islam is prevalent in Syria. Followers hold similar beliefs about the caliph Ali but also observe some Christian and Zoroastrian holidays.

This sect broke from the Shiites after disagreeing over how to select a new leader. They are known for radical fundamentalism, and today are called Ibadis.

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It contains some basic information that is found in the Hebrew Bible as well as revelations that were given to Muhammad. The text is considered the sacred word of God and supercedes any previous writings. Muhammad himself was never taught to read or write.

An introduction to the history of islam

The book is written with Allah as the first person, speaking through Gabriel to Muhammad. It contains chapters, which are called surahs. Five Pillars of Islam Muslims follow five basic pillars that are essential to their faith. This faith-based code of conduct directs Muslims on how they should live in nearly every aspect of their lives.

Sharia law requires men and women to dress modestly. It also outlines marriage guidelines and other moral principles for Muslims. If crimes are committed, Sharia law is known for its harsh punishments.Islam is the second largest religion in the world after Christianity, with about billion Muslims worldwide.

Although its roots go back further, scholars typically date the creation of . Back to Contents. What is Death? Sheikh Jalaluddin Suyuti rahmatullahi alaihe has recorded the verdict of the Ulama that death is not mere annihilation but a type of metamorphosis where the soul (rooh) is separated from the body like the movement from one dwelling to another.(Sharhus-sudoor).A believer’s death has been explained analogously by some Ulama as the transference from a world of.

The religion of Islam

This book is a general introduction to Shi’i Islam―specifically to Twelver Shi’ism, to which the majority of Shi’is belong today. It deals with the history and development of this important religion, giving an account of Shi’i doctrines and focusing in particular on those areas in which it differs from Sunni Islam.

Almost as soon as the Arab armies of Islam conquered new lands, they began erecting mosques and palaces and commissioning other works of art as expressions of their faith and culture.

Introduction to Islam for non-Muslims.

An introduction to the history of islam

Virtual Library, Middle East and North Africa. A brief history of Islam. Islam originated around AD in the Central Asian Arabian desert and soon spread to east Asia, Central Europe and North Africa. The religion started with the teachings of Prophet Muhammad who is considered to be the messenger of.

Islam was founded by Muhammad (c. C.E.), a merchant from the city of Mecca, now in modern-day Saudi Arabia. Mecca was a well-established trading city. The Kaaba (in Mecca) is the focus of pilgrimage for Muslims.

A Brief Introduction to Islam (part 1 of 2) - The Religion of Islam