Earthquake in northern Japan causes landslides, power loss 06 September Hits TOKYO AP — A powerful earthquake shook Japan's northernmost main island of Hokkaido early Thursday, causing landslides that crushed homes, knocking out power across the island, and forcing a nuclear power plant to use a backup generator.
The World at War: Many of the young soldiers mobilized into the Japanese army by the early s came from the rural areas, where the effects of the depression were devastating and poverty was widespread. Their commitment to the military effort to expand Japanese territory to achieve economic security can be understood partly in these terms.
The depression ended in the mids in Japan partly because of government deficits used to expand greatly both heavy industry and the military. Internationally, this was a time when "free trade" was in disrepute. The great powers not only jealously protected their special economic rights within their colonies and spheres of influence, but sought to bolster their sagging economies through high tariffs, dumping of goods, and other trade manipulation.
The Japanese, with few natural resources, sought to copy this pattern. They used cutthroat trade practices to sell textiles and other light industrial goods in the East Asian and U. They also developed sources of raw materials and heavy industry in the colonies they established in Korea, Taiwan and Manchuria.
Fires contributed about 20% to the total loss. In comparison, explosions contributed about 75% to the total loss. Failure of proper reaction controls seems to be the most frequent cause leading to accidents. Sep 10, · What were the reasons for Japan losing WWII??? Discussion in ' Alternate History Discussion: After ' started by Habsburg, Aug 10, Page 1 of 2 1 2 Next >. Japan's infant mortality rate in was four per 1,, the lowest in the world. Contributing factors are the universal use of the Boshi Kenko Techo (maternal-child health handbook) and universal access to .
Japan used high tariffs to limit imports of American and European industrial products. The Japanese military faced a particular tactical problem in that certain critical raw materials — especially oil and rubber — were not available within the Japanese sphere of influence.
The Japanese army governed Manchuria indirectly through the "puppet" state of Manchukuo and developed heavy industry there under its favorite agencies, disliking and distrusting the zaibatsu large Japanese corporations.
Meanwhile inthe intensification of Chinese resistance to the pressure of the Japanese military drew Japan into a draining war in the vast reaches of China proper, and in into operations in French Indochina, far to the south.
Thus, when the navy pressed for a "southern" strategy of attacking Dutch Indonesia to get its oil and British Malaya to control its rubber, the army agreed. While it seems that economic factors were important in Japanese expansion in East Asia, it would be too much to say that colonialism, trade protection, and the American embargo compelled Japan to take this course.
Domestic politics, ideology and racism also played a role.
Domestic Politics The political structure of Japan at this time was inherited from the Meiji era and was increasingly dominated by the military. During the Meiji period, the government was controlled by a small ruling group of elder statesmen who had overthrown the shogun and established the new centralized Japanese state.
These men used their position to coordinate the bureaucracy, the military, the parliament, the Imperial Household, and other branches of government. Following their deaths in the early s, no single governmental institution was able to establish full control, until the Manchurian Incident, when Japan took control of Manchuria.
This began a process in which the military behaved autonomously on the Asian mainland and with increasing authority in politics at home.
From on, Japan was at war with China.
The emperor has been criticized for not taking a more forceful action to restrain his government, especially in light of his own known preference for peace, but Japanese emperors after the Meiji Restoration had "reigned but not ruled.
The doubts are strengthened in light of the difficulty the emperor had in forcing the military to accept surrender after the atomic bombings. Ideology The emperor-based ideology of Japan during World War II was a relatively new creation, dating from the efforts of Meiji oligarchs to unite the nation in response to the Western challenge.
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Before the Meiji Restoration, the emperor wielded no political power and was viewed simply as a symbol of the Japanese culture. Westerners of that time knew him only as a shadowy figure somewhat like a pope. The people were not allowed to look at the emperor, or even to speak his name; patriotism had been raised to the unassailable level of sacredness.
It is sometimes difficult to comprehend the extreme sacrifices the Japanese made in the name of the emperor. This can perhaps best be viewed, however, as extreme patriotism — Japanese were taught to give their lives, if necessary, for their emperor.
But this was not entirely different from the Americans who gave their lives in the same war for their country and the "American" way. The kamikaze pilots, who were named for the "divine wind" kami kaze that destroyed the Mongol fleet in the thirteenth century and saved Japan from invasion, might be compared to the young Iranian soldiers fighting in suicide squadrons in the Iran-Iraq war of the s, or even to fanatical Shiites responsible for the truck bombing of the U.A powerful earthquake shook Japan's northernmost main island of Hokkaido early Thursday, causing landslides that crushed homes, knocking out power across the island, and forcing a nuclear power plant to use a backup generator.
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Learn how to conduct win loss and what quantitative and quantitative results you can expect. Learn about best practices (or not) around win loss . The surrender of the Empire of Japan was proclaimed by Imperial Japan on August 15 and formally signed on Gregorian calendar month two, , transferal the hostilities of war II to an in depth.
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The World at War: Economic Background. While the United States was still struggling to emerge from the Great Depression at the end of the s, and would do so partly because of the war, Japan had emerged from its own period of depression, which had begun in , by the mids.
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