Highly respected for its effective teaching and learning opportunities, the department's anthropology and archaeology lab is certified by the Texas Historical Commission and houses a variety of held-in-trust collections for the state of Texas.
Received Dec 1; Accepted Sep 2. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background Scientific framework is important in designing curricula and evaluating students in the field of education and clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of non-traditional educational methods on critical thinking skills.
Methods A systematic review approach was applied. Studies published in peer-reviewed journals from January to December were searched using electronic databases and major education journals.
A meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager 5. And six CCTST datasets showed the teaching and learning methods in these studies were also had significantly more effects when compared to the control groups SMD: Conclusions This research showed that new teaching and learning methods designed to improve critical thinking were generally effective at enhancing critical thinking dispositions.
Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article doi: Critical thinking, Education, Meta-analysis Background The medical delivery system is changing rapidly due to developments in health technology.
Aging populations, complicated changes in diseases, and increases in the number of patients with advanced diseases result in diverse and high-level health needs. To satisfy these needs in the context of such changes, healthcare providers must possess skills such as critical thinking, independence, and creativity so that they can identify solutions to problems based on quick and accurate analyses [ 1 — 3 ].
In the EBP process, healthcare providers are not just simple agents, but thinkers with expertise who search for and evaluate evidence to solve problems that emerge in clinical practice, subsequently making decisions to provide optimum treatment and intervention.
In this process, critical thinking is vital. Critical thinking is intentional and self-regulatory judgment that leads to interpretation, analysis, evaluation, and inference.
In parallel, it produces explanations concerning whether evidence for a specific judgment is appropriate, and whether it properly considers evidential, conceptual, methodological, referential, and contextual aspects.
A non-linear and cyclical process enables individuals to make decisions about what to believe and do in a given context [ 5 ]. Based on the above, Facione et al. In accordance with these aforementioned changes, college education is also taking steps toward designing curricula that promote teaching and learning methods, as well as learning experiences, that use the latest technologies and information to nurture critical thinking amongst students [ 7 ].
Since the s, an increasing number of colleges have begun forming curricula based on problem-based learning PBL and self-directed learning SDL ; likewise, since the late s, the popularity of simulations and concept mapping has increased.
However, a consensus has not been reached concerning the most effective teaching method for improving critical thinking. Therefore, this study aims to establish a scientific framework that will be useful for designing curricula and evaluating students in the field of nursing education and clinical practice.
It seeks to achieve this by systematically examining the effects of teaching and learning methods used to improve critical thinking skills. Methods This study is a meta-analysis conducted according to the systematic review guidelines established by the Cochrane Collaboration [ 8 ].
This study was a meta-analysis, therefore ethics committee approval was not applicable. Inclusion criteria First, this review considered research papers documenting randomized controlled trials or control group pre-post designs targeting healthcare providers such as doctors, dentists, nurses, and students.
Second, we selected research that used non-traditional teaching and learning methods i.
Third, we selected studies assessing critical thinking as the outcome. Finally, we selected studies using identical measurement e. We excluded studies in languages other than English and Korean.
In addition, grey literature, such as papers that were not peer-reviewed e.
This tool is classified into seven subscales of truth-seeking, open-mindedness, analyticity, systematicity, critical thinking confidence, inquisitiveness and maturity [ 6 ]. In subscale analysis, each subscale score 30 or less represented weakness; 40, average; and 50 or above, strength [ 9 ].
This tool is classified into 5 subscales of analysis, evaluation, inference, deduction and induction [ 10 ]. The range of score in this study is 0—34, higher scores indicating higher critical thinking ability [ 1112 ].
Statistical analysis Meta-analysis was conducted using RevMan version 5.Medical-Surgical Nursing: Clinical Reasoning in Patient Care, Sixth Edition is appropriate for courses in medical-surgical nursing. It also serves as a helpful reference for practicing nurses.
Improving clinical reasoning; focusing on what a new nurse needs to know. The Foundation is a non-profit organization that seeks to promote essential change in education and society through the cultivation of fairminded critical thinking--thinking which embodies intellectual empathy, intellectual humility, intellectual perseverance, intellectual integrity and intellectual responsibility.
Although critical thinking disposition significantly increased post-intervention, it did not reach a level of excellence. This indicates that it is difficult to anticipate sufficient improvement, as the intervention was performed between the first and second semester, which is a short period of time for enhancing critical thinking.
The primary purpose of the College of Inner Awareness, Metaphysical Studies and Spiritual Studies is to train and educate prospective leaders for metaphysical ministries and schools through Distant-Learning or On-campus Training.
In other words, in the past few decades, prominent higher educational leaders, lawyers, and researchers have worked together to support race-conscious admissions policies, allowing college campuses to remain more racially and culturally diverse than most of the public schools their students attended prior to attending college.
Critical thinking in asynchronous online discussion: An investigation of student facilitation techniques. New Horizons in Education, 59, 52– Lovatt, A. ().