It protects the human rights, delivers the justice, maintains law an order and provides equal opportunities to the masses. It delivers the fruits of progress and development to all and sundry. It is required at all levels of society and state.
In addition, it describes the ground rules for participation in the project and the processes for communicating and sharing within the project team and community.
In other words it is the governance model that prevents an open source project from descending into chaos. This document explains why a governance model is necessary, considers some of the challenges associated with adopting a governance model in open source projects, and looks at the key areas such a model needs to cover.
It also describes how to encapsulate your governance model in a governance document. Why does a project need a governance model? There are almost as many variations of open source management strategies as there are open source projects.
A clear governance model also allows potential contributors to understand how they should engage with the good governance through transparency essay help, what is expected of them and what protections are provided to ensure that their contributions will always be available to them.
In addition, it describes the quality control processes that help to assure potential users of the viability of the project. The development and communication of a clear and concise governance model is one of the most important steps a project can take towards sustainability through open development.
Governance models range from centralised control by a single individual or organisation benevolent dictatorship to distributed control awarded in recognition of contributions meritocracy.
The diagram below illustrate some examples FOSS projects and where they fall on the scale. They also illustrate the whether the project encourages a contributions from broad sources bazaar-style or have a small core of dedicated contributions cathedral style.
It is governed by Linus Torvalds, who has the final say on which contributions are included in a release. It is worth noting, however, that Stallman no longer has the same role that he had when Raymond write his essay, and the current lead maintainers run the project with a more open contribution model.
It invites anyone to contribute their code. However, many decisions are delegated to the Community Council and Technical Board, whose members are appointed by the community through a meritocratic process.
However, community developers are often invited to develop key parts of the system, such as the Core Apps initiative for the Ubuntu phone platform.
First, consider the Ubuntu governance model. This model focuses on describing the structure of the community and the responsibilities associated with each component of that structure.
It also outlines the decision-making processes found within the project. The Ubuntu project has opted to separate developer information from the structural information found in their governance document, but the technical management processes are also clearly documented.
The Apache Software Foundation has two sets of governance documents for each project. The foundation also provides a set of documents on key processes found within its projects, such as decision making. However, since each project is free, within certain constraints, to define its own variations of these processes, many projects have their own governance documentation.
See the Apache Forrest governance description for an example. Our third and final example of a governance model in practice is found in the Taverna project. This is an example of an open source project that has grown within the academic community and so demonstrates a model that has been found to work in the academic environment.
The Taverna model, like the Ubuntu and ASF models, focuses on project structure and management processes.
Barriers to adopting a governance model In spite of the importance of defining a governance model at the outset, many projects fail to do so. There are a number of possible reasons for this. Among the most common are: However, the final concern, regarding the age of the project, is never valid.
This is because any potential contributor to the project needs to know how to contribute efficiently and effectively, and how their contribution will be handled.This article is written like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor's personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic.
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