They should do this, he suggests, by means of a hypothesis. Socrates proposes the following hypothesis: The next point to consider, then, is whether or not virtue is a kind of knowledge. To this end, Socrates makes a second hypothesis:
The dialogue begins with Meno asking Socrates whether virtue can be taught, and this question along with the more fundamental question of what virtue is occupies the two men for the entirety of the text.
Important and recurring Platonic themes are introduced in the Meno, including the form of the Socratic dialogue itself. Socrates attempts to dissect an ethical term by questioning a person who claims to know the term's meaning, and eventually concludes that neither he nor the "expert" really know what the term means.
Other important themes raised here in an early form include that of anamnesis the idea that the soul is eternal, knows everything, and only has to "recollect" in order to learn and that of virtue as a kind of wisdom.
Socrates also makes a number of essential points about the nature of a definition. Socrates and Meno work through a number of possible definitions of virtue, each suggested by Meno and dismantled by Socrates.
At one point, the question is raised whether it is even possible to seek for something one does not yet know as in the case of seeking a definition of virtueand Socrates performs a scale-model elenchus with Meno's slave to solve the problem via the theory of anamnesis.
By the end of the dialogue, the participants which include Anytus, who enters toward the end and has a minor role have arrived at the classic state of Socratic aporia--they still do not know what virtue is, but at least they now know that they do not know.Sep 29, · Socrates in his conversation with Meno initially comes to the conclusion that virtue is a sort of knowledge and that as knowledge it can be taught.
But then he rejects the view that virtue can be taught, because there are no teachers of virtue(93ae).
In the end Socrates seems to agree that virtue is not something that can be easily defined and instead of following along with the ideas of knowledge proposed before, he claims, “ Then, Meno, the conclusion is that virtue comes to the virtuous by the gift of god.
On the Teaching of Virtue in Plato’s Meno and the Nature of Philosophical Authority Abraham D. Stone May 2, Abstract Socrates and Meno reach two diﬀerent conclusions: in the ﬁrst part of.
SOCRATES: Why, because I asked you to deliver virtue into my hands whole and unbroken, and I gave you a pattern according to which you were to frame your answer; and you have forgotten already, and tell me that virtue is the power of attaining good justly, or with justice; and justice you acknowledge to be a part of virtue.
Sections 86 - 96 Having resolved the question of whether it's really even possible to seek the definition of virtue, Socrates and Meno try a new approach. What is the nature of virtue? See an analysis of the debate between Socrates and Meno, plus a description of the conclusions they draw.